Aug 062022
 

Section 12 describes the major vitreoretinal disorders and appropriate diagnostic methods and treatment principles. An overview of the structure and function of the retina and its relationship to the pigment epithelium, choroid and vitreous is provided.

Includes the management of age-related macular degeneration, diabetic macular edema, and venous occlusive disease chapter covering retinovascular disease associated with cardiovascular disease. An emphasis on imaging is demonstrated in this text with more than 175 images and ten surgical videos to illustrate common vitreoretinal procedures and 9 interactive figures. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos and animations.

Separate chapters are devoted to age-related macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy and retinopathy of prematurity, including the latest imaging techniques and choroidal detail. Selected therapeutic topics include laser therapy and vitreoretinal surgery.

Upon completion of Section 12, readers should be able to:

  • Select appropriate methods of examination and ancillary studies for the diagnosis of vitreoretinal disorders
  • Describe the principles of medical and surgical treatment of vitreoretinal disorders
  • Incorporate data from major prospective clinical trials in the management of selected vitreoretinal disorders

Section chair: Stephen J. Kim, MD

Last major revision: 2018–2019

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Aug 052022
 

Reviews the anatomy, physiology, embryology and pathology of the lens. Covers the epidemiology, evaluation and management of cataracts and gives an overview of lens and cataract surgery, including special situations. Walks the reader through making an appropriate differential diagnosis and designing a management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery.

Includes key takeaways highlighted at the beginning every chapter, 30 detailed illustrations and two animations on embryology and biochemistry and physiology.

Contains 13 technical videos to increase your understanding. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos.

Upon completion of Section 11, readers should be able to:

  • Describe the normal anatomy, embryologic development, physiology, and biochemistry of the crystalline lens
  • Identify congenital anomalies of the lens
  • Describe the association of cataracts with aging, trauma, medications, and systemic and ocular diseases
  • Describe the evaluation and management of patients with cataract and other lens abnormalities
  • State the principles of cataract surgery techniques and associated surgical technology
  • Describe an appropriate differential diagnosis and management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery treatment plans

Section chair: Linda Tsai, MD

Last Major Revision: 2020-2021

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Aug 052022
 

Reviews the anatomy, physiology, embryology and pathology of the lens. Covers the epidemiology, evaluation and management of cataracts and gives an overview of lens and cataract surgery, including special situations. Walks the reader through making an appropriate differential diagnosis and designing a management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery.

Includes key takeaways highlighted at the beginning every chapter, 30 detailed illustrations and two animations on embryology and biochemistry and physiology.

Contains 13 technical videos to increase your understanding. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos.

Upon completion of Section 11, readers should be able to:

  • Describe the normal anatomy, embryologic development, physiology, and biochemistry of the crystalline lens
  • Identify congenital anomalies of the lens
  • Describe the association of cataracts with aging, trauma, medications, and systemic and ocular diseases
  • Describe the evaluation and management of patients with cataract and other lens abnormalities
  • State the principles of cataract surgery techniques and associated surgical technology
  • Describe an appropriate differential diagnosis and management plan for intraoperative and postoperative complications of cataract surgery treatment plans

Section chair: Linda Tsai, MD

Last Major Revision: 2020-2021

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https://katfile.com/pst7a5c7187w/168104448X_Section_10__Glaucoma.pdf.html

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Aug 052022
 

Section 9 begins with an overview of immune-mediated eye disease, summarizing basic immunologic concepts, ocular immune responses and special topics in ocular immunology. It provides an interactive uveitis diagnostic algorithm and a chapter covering scleritis. Discusses the clinical approach to uveitis and reviews noninfectious (autoimmune) and infectious forms of uveitis, with an expanded section on viral uveitis and material on infectious and noninfectious scleritis. Enhanced detection of infectious agents by immunologic and genetic methods and biologic therapeutics are detailed. Also covers endophthalmitis, masquerade syndromes, complications of uveitis and ocular aspects of AIDS. Increase your understanding with three fundamental surgical technique videos and one diagnostic video. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos. Upon completion of Section 9, readers should be able to: • Identify general and specific pathophysiologic processes that affect the structure and function of the uvea, lens, intraocular cavities, retina, and other tissues in acute and chronic intraocular inflammation • Differentiate and identify infectious and noninfectious uveitic entities • Choose appropriate examination techniques and relevant ancillary studies based on whether an infectious or noninfectious cause is suspected Section chair: H. Nida Sen, MD Last Major Revision: 2019-2020

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2021-2022 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 08: External Disease and Cornea

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Aug 042022
 

Major Revision

Section 8 discusses the structure and function of the cornea and external eye and reviews relevant examination techniques.

It covers the latest statistics on indications for corneal transplants from the eye bank Association of America. Covers infectious and ocular surface diseases; disorders and surgery of the ocular surface; immune-mediated and neoplastic disorders; and congenital anomalies and degenerations. A chapter on the diagnosis and management of corneal dystrophies reflects the IC3D classification of the dystrophies according to a template consisting of clinical, pathologic, and genetic information. Toxic and traumatic injuries and corneal transplantation are also reviewed.

Interactive elements throughout the text help to build your knowledge and include a new activity on corneal layers and corresponding confocal images; an animation demonstrating the development of the cornea; and a corneal ectasia case study. Eleven original narrated technical videos demonstrating select surgical techniques, including animations will also aid your understanding. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos.

This major revision also covers new diagnostic imaging technologies, endothelial replacement surgery updates and best practices for sebaceous cell carcinoma early recognition and treatment.

Upon completion of Section 8, readers should be able to:

  • Explain the overall strategy, examination, and technology used for systematic evaluation of the cornea and the external eye
  • Describe the basic principles and the clinical approach to the diagnosis and treatment of viral, bacterial, fungal, and parasitic keratitis
  • List the risk factors, clinical signs, and breadth of management options of corneal ectasia
  • List the risk factors, diagnosis, and treatment of neoplastic disease of the cornea and the external eye
  • Identify unique clinical features that help differentiate the more common corneal dystrophies and describe an appropriate management strategy for each
  • Identify the common corneal manifestations of systemic disease and describe their treatments

 

Section chair: Robert S. Feder, MD

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https://katfile.com/0pbqyurf23al/1681044463_Section_8__External_Disease_.pdf.html

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2021-2022 Basic and Clinical Science Course, Section 03: Clinical Optics

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Aug 022022
 

Section 3 provides a comprehensive overview of clinical optics, including current applications of optical phenomena such as lasers, spectacles, IOLs and refractive surgery.

Deepen your understanding with nine clinical videos, a Quick-Start Guide to Optics and How to Refract and chapter highlights.

Reviews optics of the human eye; basic concepts of geometric optics; ophthalmic instruments and contact lenses. Vision rehabilitation is also discussed. Includes real-life clinical examples, figures and learning exercises to help gauge your understanding of the material. Both print and eBook users have access to the videos and figures.

Upon completion of Section 3, readers should be able to:

  • Outline the principles of light propagation and image formation and work through some of the fundamental equations that describe or measure such properties as refraction, reflection, magnification and vergence
  • Define the various types of visual perception and function, including visual acuity, brightness sensitivity, color perception and contrast sensitivity
  • Explain the optical principles underlying various modalities of refractive correction: spectacles, contact lenses, intraocular lenses and refractive surgery

Section chair: Scott E. Brodie, MD
Last major revision: 2018–2019

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https://katfile.com/4b2qyogh56dg/1681044412_Section_3__Clinical_Optics.pdf.html

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Protozoans in Macrophages (Medical Intelligence Unit (Unnumbered)) 1st Edition

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Jul 312022
 

Using as a theme the encounter between protozoan parasites and macrophages, this volume brings together cell biologists, immunologists and protozoologists to review current developments in this broad and dynamic research area. Discussed are ways protozoans establish their intracellular niche, how they activate macrophage effector functions, what th

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The History of Extra-corporeal Membrane Oxygenation Ecmo: From Start to Covid

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Jul 312022
 

“The history of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) reflects a true medical success story that has been the result of tremendous dedication, perseverance, teamwork, and years-if not decades-of hard work by countless providers, students, and advocates. This book, the final in a series of three on ECMO, traces the history of extra-corporeal support from the early years when therapy was offered as a last attempt at salvaging those patients who had lost almost all hope of survival, to the modern era and the role of ECMO in the contemporary management of critically ill patients, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic. The chapters illustrate how the technical aspects of ECMO have evolved, as well as the growing role of patient selection and team-based management. Although the role of ECMO for COVID-19 is still evolving, the chapters addressing this topic can serve as a foundation for the many complex systematic issues, beyond just the bedside care of ECMO patients, that must be acknowledged. Jorge Agustâin Nicolâas Ruiz de Santayana y Borrâas, also known as George Santayana, has been credited with the quote: “Those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it,” [George Santayana (1905) Reason in Common Sense, p. 284, volume 1 of The Life of Reason] a concept that clearly resonates with those involved in ECMO program development, patient selection and management. As such, the primary goal of this text is to help scholars of all levels better understand where we have been and where we are going”–

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A Roadmap to Nonhematopoietic Stem Cell-Based Therapeutics: From the Bench to the Clinic 1st Edition

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Jul 292022
 

A Roadmap to Non-hematopoietic Stem Cell-Based Therapeutics: From the Bench to the Clinic is a resource that provides an overview of the principles of stem cell therapy, the promises and challenges of using stem cells for treating various clinical conditions, and future perspectives. The overall goal is to facilitate the translation of basic research on stem cells to clinical applications. The properties of stem cells from various sources are reviewed and the advantages and disadvantages of each for clinical use are discussed. Modifying stem cell properties through preconditioning strategies using physical, chemical, genetic, and molecular manipulation to improve cell survival, increase cell differentiation potential, enhance production of paracrine factors, and facilitate homing to the site of injury or disease upon transplantation are reviewed. Various routes of stem cell administration and dosing, and the duration of effects, are explored. Individual chapters are written by experts in the field and focus on the use of stem cells in treating various degenerative diseases, autoimmune diseases, wound healing, cardiovascular disease, spinal cord injury, oral and dental diseases, and skeletal disorders. Finally, experts in the regulatory arena discuss mechanisms used in different countries for approving the use of stem cells to treat diseases and many common issues that are typically encountered while seeking approval for this class of therapeutic agent.

  • Offers advanced students, as well as new researchers, an overview of the principles of stem cell therapy
  • Discusses a wide array of pressing clinical issues with stem cell-based therapies so that new ideas in the laboratory can be efficiently translated to the clinic through better designed clinical trials
  • Helps clarify current regulatory mechanisms so that the safe use of stem cells for treating a variety of diseases can move forward
  • Fosters cross-disciplinary dialogue between research scientists and physicians to accelerate the safe implementation of efficacious cell therapies.

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Algorithms In Differential Diagnosis: How To Approach Common Presenting Complaints In Adult Patients, For Medical Students And Junior Doctors 1st Edition

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Jul 292022
 

This is a book for medical students and first-year doctors who wish to learn how to approach a patient’s symptoms, and sharpen their skills of clinical reasoning and diagnosis.Fifty-four presenting symptoms are discussed, covering approaches and conditions across various medical and surgical disciplines. Each chapter sets out the thought process behind history, examination, and investigations for a symptom, providing a systematic and practical algorithm to distinguish one differential from another. The reader will gain not only a functional approach to patients’ presenting complaints, but also learn how to better organize and apply medical knowledge in diagnostic reasoning.This is a book for medical students and first-year doctors who wish to learn how to approach a patient’s symptoms, and sharpen their skills of clinical reasoning and diagnosis.Fifty-four presenting symptoms are discussed, covering approaches and conditions across various medical and surgical disciplines. Each chapter sets out the thought process behind history, examination, and investigations for a symptom, providing a systematic and practical algorithm to distinguish one differential from another. The reader will gain not only a functional approach to patients’ presenting complaints, but also learn how to better organize and apply medical knowledge in diagnostic reasoning.

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https://katfile.com/50vnkmglehhd/B07M7MDN5G.pdf.html

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